A condition characterized by sad, empty, or irritable mood for at least two weeks. It is often accompanied by bodily and cognitive changes which can affect functioning in work and relationships.
Obsessions are recurrent thoughts, urges, or images that are intrusive and unwanted. Compulsions are the behaviors or mental acts that a person feels they must do to somehow counter the obsessions. Often abbreviated as OCD, these are distressing and time-consuming conditions.
Sometime insomnia can occur as an illness in itself and not as a feature of another condition. There are also some specific conditions in this category, like narcolepsy, obstructive sleep apnea, shift work circadian rhythm sleep-wake disorder, and restless legs syndrome.
This condition is interesting because it is both over- and under-diagnosed. There can be significant consequences in getting the diagnosis right. It requires an in-depth consultation to determine whether the issues are related to a different condition, or whether they are part of true ADHD. The diagnosis applies even when the problems are mainly attentional or mainly hyperactive/impulsive.
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